This planting is the fourth composition that bonsai artist John Naka created in his career. It is an example of “raft” style bonsai, a variation of group planting in which a tree is laid on its side and the branches trained upward as individual trunks. Three bonsai sub-styles are also represented, including windswept, rock planting and literati (freely composed, with long, slender trunks and short, sparse branches). The plant material was originally five-gallon nursery stock that the artist shaped into a conventional group planting in 1955. In 1969, he restyled it and transplanted it to a piece of Mexican volcanic “Wonder Rock”. The evolution of this remarkable bonsai is shown in Mr. Naka’s book Bonsai Techniques II.